While the simplest solution — and the one preferred by most — is more pipelines, the Trans Mountain expansion and Keystone XL are both on hold. The good news is that Line 3, which would take oil from Edmonton to Wisconsin, should be up and running by the second half of 2019. That should help — but it’s still a long ways off.
The provincial government, meanwhile, is considering closer scrutiny of pipeline and railway shipments in order to see which producers are guilty of creating “air barrels”. It could then hold them accountable. The problems with this approach are that it cannot be deployed immediately and that it will have a limited scope, as the provincial government could only give itself the powers to track shipments within Alberta itself.